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Coffee maintained its popularity despite the prohibitions, arrests, and even executions. Unable to stop the coffee drinkers, the rulers decided to profit from them. Coffee became legal again and was taxed heavily. However, in order to maintain their control over coffee, transportation of anything other than roasted or boiled beans was forbidden – these forms of the coffee bean not able to propagate new plants.

It took a 17th century Sufi holy man from India named Baba Budan to liberate the much loved beans. After a pilgrimage to Mecca where he was introduced to coffee, Baba smuggled some beans back to India where he started a farm in the mountains near Mysore. This nefarious act gained Baba reverence by both Muslims and Hindus. His shrine is located at Baba Budangiri, India.

And so it was, with the holiest of motives, that Baba Budan set sail for India with seven seeds of the Arabian qahwah tree girded tightly about his waist beneath his seamless white ritual garment.
-Sankar Iye, Forgotten Fakir and His Unforgettable Drink

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